Coterminous with the present-day republic of Georgia, it was based on the traditional territory of Georgia, which had existed as a series of independent states in the Caucasus prior to annexation by the Russian Empire in 1801. The Party took the name Communist Party of the Soviet Union …  Raikom members were commonly from the state sector, party sector, Komsomol or the trade unions. , Peaceful coexistence was steeped in Leninist and Stalinist thought. Popular pages. 74 years later, its activities were suspended on August 29, 1991 on Soviet territory, soon after a failed coup d'état by hard-line CPSU leaders against Soviet president and party general secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. Purges of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union (Russian: "Чистка партийных рядов", chistka partiynykh ryadov, "cleansing of the party ranks") were a Soviet ritual, especially during the 1920s, in which periodic reviews of members of the Communist Party were conducted by other members and the security organs to get rid of "undesirables". , At the 1939 18th Congress, Stalin abandoned the idea that the state would wither away. , The Statute (also referred to as the Rules, Charter and Constitution) was the party's by-laws and controlled life within the CPSU. № 2371-I «О ситуации, возникшей в стране в связи с имевшим место государственным переворотом», Указ Президента РСФСР от 6 ноября 1991 г. The CPSU was the sole governing party of the Soviet Union until 1990 when the union collapsed into their democratic nation states.  A raikom usually had no more than 4 or 5 departments, each of which was responsible for overseeing the work of the state sector but would not interfere in their work..  The reasoning came from practical considerations; the majority of the country's inhabitants were not communists, neither could the Party reintroduce parliamentary democracy because that was not in synchronization with its ideology and would lead to the Party losing power. Regardless of leadership style, all political power in the Soviet Union was concentrated in the organization of the CPSU. The 8th Congress of the RKP(b) (Russian Communist Party (bolsheviks)) meets in Moscow.  By now, the party leaders believed that because of Russia's backward state, universal mass participation and true democracy could only take form in the last stage. The western powers, however, remained committed to maintaining peace and avoiding another war breaking out, many considering the Soviet Union's warnings to be an unwanted provocation. Register Familypedia. In 1925, the name of the party was changed to the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks), reflecting that the republics outside of Russia proper were no longer part of an all-encompassing Russian state. Joseph Stalin: 1924-1953 Nikita Khrushchev: 1953-1964  The Moscow Higher Party School was the party school with the highest standing. The CPSU was the sole governing party of the Soviet Union until 1990 when the Congress of People's Deputies modified Article 6 of the 1977 Soviet Constitution, which had previously granted the CPSU a monopoly over the political system.  In 1924, Trotsky published his pamphlet Lessons of October, in which he stated that socialism in the Soviet Union would fail because of the backward state of economic development unless a world revolution began.  Failure to do, they believed, would lead to nuclear conflict. However, after Stalin's ascension, the Congresses became largely symbolic. The CPSU formed out of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1912. Stalin used the office of General Secretary to create a strong power base for himself.  Stalin's effect on ideology was also criticized; several researchers accused his policies of being "leftist", "dogmatist" and a deviation "from true Marxism–Leninism. The highest power and authority holder branch in the Soviet political hierarchyis the legislative branch which deals with framing of laws.  It was closely modeled on the CPSU; nominally the highest body was the Congress, followed by the Central Committee, Secretariat and the Politburo.  However, by the 25th Congress held in 1976, political, economic and social problems within the Soviet Union began to mount, and the Brezhnev administration found itself in an increasingly difficult position. , Gorbachev convened the 19th Party Conference in June 1988.  The district-level elected delegates to a conference held at least held every three years to elect the party committee. The office was formally titled First Secretary between 1952 and 1966.  The CCC was established at the 9th All-Russian Conference in September 1920, but rules organizing its procedure were not enacted before the 10th Congress. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union arose from the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party (RSDWP).  In the early 1930s, he initiated the collectivization of Soviet agriculture by de-privatizing agriculture and creating peasant cooperatives rather than making it the responsibility of the state.  It was represented as the only truth in Soviet society; the Party rejected the notion of multiple truths. 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